To Italians, there is nothing like the pleasure of great food accompanied by the right wine. A great way to discover Tuscan history and landscape is through its wide variety of wines. Follow the many wine trails that will lead you to the most prestigious and long standing wineries. Find out all there is to know about the different types of wines and their geographical areas on a magical wine tour.

Small chapel in a field at sunset flanked by two cypresses | Tuscan red wines | Tuscan Wanders travel blog
This is a typical landscape that you can find in the Tuscan countryside

A Brief History of Tuscan Wines

The production of wine in Tuscany dates back to Etruscan times. Already then, Tuscany exported wine to places as far as Greece. The wine tradition grew with time and its sale was regimented by the guild of wine sellers as far back as the 13th century. Landowners experimented with different varieties of grapes (both local and imported) to create the famous wines we know today. In order to guarantee the very best quality and distinguish different types of wines, the DOC (denomination of controlled origin) and DOCG (denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin) were created.

An ancient Tuscan villa in the countryside surrounded by trees and vineyards | Tuscan red wines | Tuscan Wanders Travel Blog
A Tuscan villa surrounded by vineyards

For a wine to be given this title, it needs to follow strict guidelines regarding location, quality and composition. Some wine producers in the 70s felt too constrained by these strict rules and wanted to find new combinations to improve taste. These wines were dubbed the Super Tuscans. The wine guidelines have now changed to encompass most of these wines.

Tuscany Wine Map

There are six main wines in Tuscany that are loosely divided in geographical zones.

The wines from the Chianti area (also known as Chiantishire) is located between the towns of Florence and Siena.

Carmignano wine is in a much more restricted area on the hills of the Montalbano near the city of Prato.

The coastline, with its milder temperatures, is the home of Bolgheri.

Southwest of the Chianti area is the Vernaccia of San Gimignano, one of the few white wines of Tuscany.

The Brunello of Montalcino is to the south of the Chianti area, right in the center of Tuscany, around the town of Montalcino.

And finally, close to the Umbrian border, the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

To Italians, there is nothing like the pleasure of great food accompanied by the right wine. A great way to discover Tuscan history and landscape is through its wide variety of its wines. Follow the many wine trails that will lead you to the most prestigious and long standing wineries. Find out all there is to know about the different types of wines and their geographical areas on a magical wine tour.

Green rolling hills, trails and paths among the green | Tuscan red wines | Tuscan Wanders Travel Blog
Tuscan rolling hills with trails among the vineyards

Tuscany Wine Trails

There are more than 20 ‘strade del vino’, otherwise known as wine trails that connect some of the best wineries throughout Tuscany. Driving down these roads, or even going on bike rides, is a perfect way to discover the Tuscan countryside. Those areas are dotted with picturesque towns and beautiful villas. Tasting wine in the place where it is made, meeting the winery owner and hearing the passion and hard work that goes into each bottle can only enhance an already magical experience.

Hero shot of grapes in a vineyard
Grapes of Sangiovese in a vineyard

Wine Tours from Florence

Florence, with its central location and airport, is a perfect starting point for a Tuscan holiday and wine tour.
Once you have had your fill of the beautiful architecture and shops, make your way towards the countryside and discover the wilder side of Tuscany. Afraid of getting lost or just not too keen on driving down the narrow country roads? Why not get the full experience by renting a car with a driver?

Tuscan Red Wines

In this paragraph we prepared a complete list of the red wines that you are going to find during your Tuscan visits.

DOCG Wines

  • Brunello di Montalcino (Rosso as normale and Riserva), produced in the province of Siena
  • Carmignano (Rosso as normale and Riserva), produced in the provinces of Firenze and Prato
  • Chianti (Rosso as normale and Riserva), produced in the provinces of Arezzo, Firenze, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena; with the the sub-regions:
    • Chianti Classico as normale and Riserva, produced in the provinces of Firenze and Siena
    • Chianti Colli Aretini as normale and Riserva produced in the province of Arezzo
    • Chianti Colli Senesi as normale and Riserva, produced in the province of Siena
    • Chianti Colli Fiorentini as normale and Riserva, produced in the province of Firenze
    • Chianti Colline Pisane as normale and Riserva, produced in the province of Pisa
    • Chianti Montalbano as normale and Riserva, produced in the provinces of Firenze, Pistoia and Prato
    • Chianti Montespertoli as normale and Riserva, produced in the province of Pisa
    • Chianti Rufina as normale and Riserva, produced in the province of Firenze
    • Chianti Superiore, produced throughout the Chianti region with the exception of the classico sub-region.
    • Chianti Montecucco produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Morellino di Scansano (Rosso as normale and Riserva), produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Suvereto produced in the province of Livorno
  • Val di Cornia produced in the province of Livorno and Pisa
  • Vino Nobile di Montepulciano (Rosso as normal and Riserva), produced in the province of Siena

DOC Wines

  • Barco Reale di Carmignano produced in the provinces of Firenze and Prato
  • Elba produced in the province of Livorno
  • Maremma Toscana produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Montecarlo produced in the province of Lucca
  • Montecucco produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Monteregio di Massa Marittima produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Montescudaio produced in the provinces of Livorno and Pisa
  • Orcia produced in the province of Siena
  • Parrina produced in the province of Grosseto
  • Pomino produced in the province of Firenze
  • Rosso di Montalcino produced in the province of Siena
  • Rosso di Montepulciano produced in the province of Siena
  • San Gimignano produced in the province of Siena
  • Sant’Antimo produced in the province of Siena
  • Sovana produced in the province of Grosseto

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